The State Duma estimated that the long-suffering law on recreational fishing will affect the interests of about thirty million people or every fourth citizen of the Russian Federation. Why long-suffering? Probably because for the first time the corresponding bill was submitted to the parliament for consideration by the Government back in 2012.
But be that as it may, the decision was finally made, and from December 31, 2020, those Russians who like to sit with a fishing rod in the shade, as well as many companies working in the field, will begin to live in a new way.
The story of the adoption of the fateful fishing law
Let's start with the fact that “only” a year was needed by the relevant parliamentary commissions to finalize the draft 2012 ministers to the mind. It seemed to them ... The version adopted in the first reading in 2013 was very angry by the public, since it turned out that amateur fishing, in fact, was recognized as a paid activity.
A few years later, citizens of Putin were reminded of this open question, and then he instructed the Cabinet of Ministers to deal with it again.
The text was refined for a long time, and on December 12, 2018, it was finally accepted. Which means that after it is signed by the President, it will become the norm for us all.
Norms of new amateur fishing
In short, everything looks very civilized and humane. First of all, of course, in relation to fish. And if without jokes, then we invite our readers to familiarize themselves with squeezing the basic norms of a freshly baked law:
- Access to fishing for all citizens of Russia is free and free. With the exception of places recognized as specially protected nature reserves and sanctuaries, those where aquaculture is produced, as well as everywhere where security and defense issues are acute.
- The "daily rate" of catch has been established - for each region and a specific water area, depending on its specifics, limits are set for one day, beyond which it is impossible to catch.
- It is forbidden to fish with nets, with the exception of some regions of Siberia, the Far East and the North, where at certain times such fishing is even shown according to natural requirements. But, each network will need to be marked and registered individually. Cases with the use of chemicals and explosives, as well as electric current, are completely eliminated - criminal liability has been introduced for this under Article 256 of the Criminal Code with a fine of 300-500 thousand rubles. or a conviction with engineers for 2-3 years, or alternative 480-hour compulsory labor, two-year correctional labor.
- In places of mass recreation it is forbidden to engage in spearfishing.
- Amendments to Art. 8.37 and part 2 of article 8.17 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation for fines. For violation of the rules of this law (except for the criminal case), a fine of 2-5 thousand rubles is imposed on citizens. with confiscation of production tools and ships, for legal entities - 100-200 thousand and for officials - 20-30 thousand with similar confiscation conditions.
In addition, by December 31, 2020, all fishing areas for recreational fishing will be closed. In addition to some limited list of zones in Siberia, the North and the Far East, which will be approved separately for projects developed directly by the head of each region.
Text of law
What was not included in the final version from previous editions?
It was possible to win points for personal permissions - an excellent reason for officials to cash in on the hobbies of Russians, as well as for various abuses on this basis. Recall that earlier this was said in the light of catching valuable species of fish, which could be "taken with you" only if it was on hand. Otherwise, the fish had to be released immediately, even if it was physically damaged during fishing.
The permit should be a document of strict reporting, which indicates the individual catch rate (number, weight, place of harvest, what you catch, validity period and type).
This should be done in the territorial offices of the Federal Agency for Fishery from January 1, 2020, and from the same date, the authorized bodies should have prepared a list of fish that fell under these standards. Prior to the second reading of the Law, these norms worked only in paid fishing areas, and because of it they had to apply to the whole country.
The final version of the Amateur Fisheries Act has been removed from the clause on registered permits.
Should have banned the use of electronic means of detecting the deployment of fish. As well as the search for scuba diving fish using self-contained breathing apparatus. And everything that participates in spearfishing cannot be used above water.
Deputies also report that all places duplicating the norms of other legislative acts have been removed from it, and some, on the contrary, have agreed with other regulations.
Some significant clarifications from the authorities
Many fishermen are interested in, for example, if the daily norm for the region is set at 2 kg, and three fish of 700 grams are caught, then will a person be fined? And, in general, do you need to take scales for fishing and now use them constantly? We asked this question to Nikolai Nikolaev, chairman of the State Duma Committee on Environmental Protection and Land Relations.
Firstly, the deputy explains, with the daily norm set by weight and one single fish caught that exceeds this weight, of course, the fisherman can keep it for himself - you do not have to release fish for fish all the time, trying to guess with its mass.
However, if you are already dangerously close to the norm value with several fishes, it is worth considering - but is it necessary to continue? Sometimes it’s better to stop in time and return to your favorite activity the next day, than to cause irreparable harm to the ecosystem of the chosen fishing place, and subsequently lose the chance to use it in principle.
Secondly, in each region the norms will be different - calculated from the available stocks, those that take into account the traditions and features of fishing in each of the places. In the waters with sea fishing, they will be higher, in densely populated places - much less than where the density of residents is minimal, and, therefore, water bodies are the least exploited.
Concluding our conversation about the new Fishing Law, I would like to note that it comes into force from the beginning of 2020. And it remains only to wish our readers to indulge in their beloved pleasure in strict accordance with it, and also, of course: "No tail, no scales!".