From the article, you will find out what the exam will be like in 2020, and how many items will need to be taken. So, testing the knowledge of schoolchildren, which replaced the usual exams from the Soviet past, continues to undergo annual adjustments. A landmark moment for the exam was 2009, which approved a unified system of tests for all children graduating from 11 classes. In parallel, these tests were equated to entrance exams for admission to universities. Any graduate, puzzled by higher education, began to think seriously about quality preparation for the most important stage of life.
Mandatory subjects in 2020
The exam in 2020, has become a topic that causes various controversial rumors. To stimulate the activity of children and their parents, ministers come up with innovations, introduce new compulsory subjects, complicate tasks. Everything is becoming tougher, more complicated, but not always more thoughtful. Of course, legislators have the best wishes, but as a result, public discontent is growing.
Everyone has been familiar with such a concept as “compulsory subjects” for a long time, but systematically important changes are taking place in the list of these disciplines.
As before, the base of subjects includes the Russian language and mathematics, divided into profile and simple levels. A list of compulsory subjects: history and a foreign language has not yet been officially added to the USE in 2020.
According to the Minister of Education, already in 2022 these subjects (English and history) will still have to be passed. At the same time, from 2020, they will begin to conduct experiments in the English language.
Literature, with its admissible essay conducted in advance, several weeks before the main stage, has not gone away. If the literature is not written, then on the exam you can not even dream of. Of course, they do not give marks on this subject, but you still have to get a "credit".
Changes and Innovations
It is important to find out in advance what awaits in 2020 all who will pass state tests. After all, effective preparation can help to pass all the tasks well. It is necessary to follow the changes in order to navigate the new KIMs, to know procedural innovations. All innovations are approved in the autumn months, under the leadership of Rosobrnadzor. There has not yet been an official publication of the exam paper, but insiders are already publishing long-term plans.
It is already precisely known about changes in the structure of tasks in 2020, and the point system will change. It is possible that students will be able to pass the exam in their own schools, if the administration provides the proper level of technical equipment. In the presence of cameras, public observers and other attributes of control, the issue can also be decided in favor of the school.
Questions and tasks of the exam in 2020: what's new
Dramatic innovations have already shown themselves in 2019, so there is no reason to expect anything colossal. Basically, the changes will affect the wording of the tasks, clarifications, additions will follow, and some questions will disappear altogether. Most items will survive adjustment grades. The instructions section was equipped with reminiscent technical materials. With their help, it is possible not to miss important information, in a stressful state and with a lack of time, “reminders” will help to pay attention to something important.
As mentioned above, students can get a chance to take the exam in their school. But this is possible if the management creates all the necessary conditions. It is also possible to abolish the humiliating search procedure. But this does not mean that writing off on a complex subject will be realistic. As before, an online broadcast will be conducted from the place of delivery, so that the Center’s specialists will monitor the process. If the student is seen in cheating, he will be removed, and the exam will be recognized as not passed. There will also be public observers overseeing compliance with the test protocol.
A number of regions conducted trial examinations with disk CMMs that replaced paper forms in individual task packages. Of course, each disk had a personal password, and it was printed personally in front of the student. It was decided to go even further, and for each person who submits to print tests sent to the audience via the Internet at the time of delivery of the subject.
Compared with the previous year period, no global changes in 2020 will happen. The division into base and profile levels remained, the theory was reduced, the practice increased. There are more tasks requiring applied calculations, including data processing.
A subject such as the Russian language includes writing an essay. For the successful passing of the exam, it is necessary to focus on the comments, rather than listing the arguments. Task number 21 will remain, and punctuation analysis will need to be carried out in the text. For example, look for offers that were built according to a specific rule. In the second task, the wording is differently stated, as for questions 9-12. Similar, but with tricky nuances, the wording of task 27 will be. A separate day is allocated for the oral part, which complicates the delivery process.
Changes in the initial score rose to 65. The wording of question number 25 became more detailed, for which one point was added. A similar situation with tasks 28 and 29, but for them the points remain the same.
At the exam in 2020 in biology, the passing score decreased by one position, amounting to 58 now. The second question was working with the table, although earlier there was multiple choice. It was for the table that there was a decrease in the score for this subject.
History and Foreign Language
Corrections have occurred in historical assignments: in 21, the requirements for recording a response have become new. But the foreign language offers in the essay part two topics defined randomly. At the choice of the student, you will need to write a work on one of the topics.
The latest news about the abolition of the exam
Disputes about the exam never subside, and all people are ready to discuss this topic endlessly. Parent committees sign petitions, placing many thousands of signatures under the requirements. Citizens are against adding items; they are not satisfied with toughening and complications.
The very essence of testing causes a lot of controversy. Initially, this is dictated by the fact that in graduation classes the guys no longer receive knowledge, they are "trained" to pass the exam!
There is no more time to get acquainted with professions, because you need to train for the exam. The school no longer arouses a craving for knowledge in students, does not teach to search and analyze information, does not develop creativity.
Of course, the initial goals of the ministers were good: to eliminate corruption, equalize graduates on admission, and make higher the level of knowledge. In fact, it turned out that the level of preparedness of applicants with each issue is falling lower and lower. High school students, frightened and tortured by the USE, are no longer eager to learn, learn new subjects. The number of scandals is growing, mental disorders among schoolchildren are developing. But, despite the public outcry, one should not expect the abolition of the Unified State Examination in 2020! On the contrary, in the near future the number of compulsory subjects will increase, the emotional load will increase.