Sabantuy in 2020
Sabantuy - can be translated as the wedding of the Earth and the Plow. This national holiday also marks the arrival of warmth, the establishment of pleasant weather, and the victory over winter. This is how the first plowing and spring update found their own solemn day on the calendar. Spring is a time of awakening nature from a dream, but also a responsible period for all agrarian peoples. Moreover, field work begins with thawing of the soil, and ends only in late autumn.
When will Sabantuy in 2020
True, Sabantuy does not have a specific date, since his arrival is appointed with the arrival of spring. A prerequisite in determining the date of the holiday is its fall on a day off, free from the hustle and bustle. At the same time, regardless of the size of the settlement, the tradition of celebrating a holiday on Saturday or Sunday has been revered since ancient times.
In 2020, the date of Sabantuy will be appointed with the onset of spring.
The day is chosen, depending on the end of the field work and the harvest. Sabantuy falls in the spring, or even at the very beginning of summer, as a result of all the rural chores carried out. The Türks and Tatars are a very cheerful people who know how to work hard in the field and then rest on a grand scale from work. For this case, Sabantuy is envisioned - the triumph of fertility, spring, labor and peace on the entire planet.
The meaning and history of the holiday
It is typical for Sabantuy to be exclusively a rural holiday, and the Turkic peoples have always been distinguished by their industriousness and love of agricultural labor. Since ancient times, the Türks honored any field works, and even established a special festival on this subject. Initially, Sabantui was scheduled for April, but then this month was not the only starting point. For the first time the description of the event was created by Ibn Fadlan, a traveling Arab. He visited the Volga Bulgaria, and there he saw special rites characteristic of the population of the Middle Volga. The Arab notes dated back to 921, but it is possible the roots of the holiday go even further.
When the Türks and Tatars finished the spring field work, it was time to celebrate and have fun. Marking the coming of spring, Jien was celebrated, the prototype of modern Sabantuy. The elders came together to solve current problems. After the meeting, a noisy walk was arranged, at which people enjoyed various dishes, played sports, competed in various skills. The key rule was considered the complete state of the world for all peoples. Even military conflicts ceased during this festive time so that people could rest in peace.
The training of Sabantuy was entrusted to the elders, and they determined the dates, and sports. The original meaning of the celebration was to cajole the spirits of fertility, so that the year turned out to be fruitful. Previously, festivities lasted for months, but today the celebration period covers the end of sowing and a break before mowing. Ancient Sabantuy collected in itself all the rituals and rituals associated with agricultural affairs. In the old days, everything happened spontaneously, when the peasants had a free day off.
Tradition of celebration
Sabantuy is endowed with very interesting traditions, and one of them is the division of the holiday into stages. First of all, gifts are collected on the Maidan, and a concert program is arranged. Although the celebration received a modern connotation, the order of its rites does not change. Both in the city and in the village, it is customary to greet guests with delicious treats that are prepared by young girls the day before.
The house is carefully cleaned and put in order in the courtyard and surrounding areas. To collect gifts, villagers harness horses and dress animals very beautifully. Or the pickers themselves walk around the village, tied with towels to attach offerings to them. The owners often wait for the collectors at the door, and as a reward they sing funny songs and dance. After collection, all towels are hung on a long pole, and then they put it at the beginning of the village. When a pole with towels appears near the city limits, everyone will learn about the beginning of the holiday.
The tradition of conducting sports has also been preserved to this day, and absolutely everyone is participating in them. A valuable prize and the title of Best Batyr are provided for winning the competitions. A ram was considered a classic gift to the winner, although now the custom has been replaced by ordinary presents. To prepare ritual cereal, all products were taken from neighbors, this called for a rich harvest. Children were sent to their neighbors' homes for painted eggs so that they would bring happiness and prosperity to the house.
Sabantuy reaches its greatest scope in Tatarstan, especially in the very heart of the republic. The outskirts begins a walk, and then the action moves to the center, approaching Kazan. The birch grove, aka Maidan, is becoming a key point of festivities. Various officials, important persons, and representatives from the UNESCO organization come here. State awards and prizes given to active workers in the village give Sabantuu special officiality. The concert is an important part of the holiday; local and republican groups shine on it. A special stage is the competition between the regions, including competitions for power and strength. A gift can be a car leader!
In parallel with the Tatar, Sabantuy also takes place in Moscow. On the eve of the event, representatives of various diasporas hold narrow meetings, put forward numbers for a concert, and then on that day all in national costumes go out to the square. Most often, Kolomenskoye, which replaced the classic Izmailovsky Park, is chosen as a playground for fun. Around the stage is a craft fair, and there are festivities. Naberezhnye Chelny demonstrate Tatar life with the help of an impromptu village. National color is visible in all crafts and souvenirs. Masters from cities and villages go on stage, demonstrating their masterpieces.