Eid al-Adha has a deep meaning associated with faith in Allah and worship of him. A sacrifice is surely made on this day; celebrations are held in all Muslim communities. For many Muslims, he gives confidence in the correctness of his path, the hope of purification. The main meaning of the festival is in the humility of the believing God, the willingness to fulfill his will.
When will Kurban Bayram in 2020
Muslim chronology is carried out according to the lunar calendar, in contrast to the solar calendar used in the Western world. The year is calculated based on 354 days. All events, dates, therefore, transferred from year to year, fall on different days of the Gregorian calendar. So with Kurban Bayram, this holiday is considered one of the main in Islam. If you count on the lunar calendar, it falls on strictly defined dates - the 10-12th day of Zul-Hijjah, 70 days after Uraza-Bairam. In the Gregorian calendar, the date of the celebration changes every year.
In 2020, Eid al-Adha begins on July 31 and ends on August 2.
Celebrate Eid al-Adha necessarily three days. In all Muslim countries, this time is the weekend. In the Russian Federation, the holiday is not federal, but in some regions it is officially a non-working day.
The day before Eid al-Adha comes the day of Arafat - the day of standing on Mount Arafat. The reward for the deeds that are committed on this day, increases several times. On this day, pilgrims come to the foot of Mount Arafat and pray here. They go here from Mecca only on foot. The journey takes 7 hours. Before the pilgrimage, it is advisable to wash your body. Here, faithful Muslims receive the mercy of the Almighty, which cannot be obtained anywhere else. Every true believer should come here at least once in his life.
All day before Kurban Bayram passes in prayers. Mandatory observance of the post. You can eat only after sunset, and light food. The exception is travelers and patients. Any action must be good. Abstinence, prayers, good deeds help to get rid of past and future sins. However, the past will be washed away only after forgiveness is received from those people whom the person has offended.
History of the holiday
The festival dates back to the life of the prophet Ibrahim. He had no children under 86 years old. Only then was he lucky enough to become the father of Ismail, the first and only son. Once in a dream, the supreme angel Jabrail came to him. He commanded to sacrifice Ismail. So he will prove love for Allah, obedience, devotion. Ibrahim spoke about this to his wife and son. Obedient faith Ismail supported his father.
They came to Mina - a valley near Mount Arafat. Ibrahim prepared everything, but at the last moment Allah came down to him and said that the test was passed, and he ascertained the faith of his father and son. God commanded the use of a ram as a sacrifice. In the valley, the city was built, which is now known as Mecca. The holiday was called Kurban Bayram.
Tradition of celebration
Note that Eid al-Adha completes the holy hajj. The night before the holiday or part of it is held in prayers. On the morning of the feast, the faithful wash themselves, grease their bodies with oil, use incense and perfumes. Holy bath is called "ghusl". They put on smart, absolutely clean clothes. If possible, it should be new. As soon as all preparations are completed, the takbir is pronounced - "Allah is great!". This short prayer is also said on the way to the mosque until the threshold is crossed. Eating before visiting the temple is not recommended.
Orthodox Muslims gather in a mosque or in the square near it for prayer. Upon its completion, the imam reads a sermon in which he talks about Kurban, its meaning and meaning. Surely on this day a sacrifice is made, a solemn celebration is organized. One of the days of Kurban Bayram, you must go to the cemetery and remember your ancestors. Be sure to visit relatives, sick, distressed.
Feast of the sacrifice
The obligatory part of the celebration is the sacrifice. The Prophet Muhammad said that the animal sacrificed on the feast of the Day of Judgment will be on the scales. Spilled sacrificial blood will reach a person’s place in front of Allah faster than it will spill on the earth. Which animal will be sacrificed on Eid al-Adha depends on the well-being of the family. Usually from one family it is a ram. One part goes to the festive table. The second is bestowed upon the distressed. The third - to neighbors, relatives. A sacrifice is made on any of the three days of the holiday, but the preferred time is on the first day. The victim is a person who is respected in the community.
In the evening, a festive table is necessarily organized. Kurban Bayram does not fast, but alcohol is strictly prohibited. On the table should be delicacies, fruits, vegetables, various goodies. The meat of the animal sacrificed is prepared according to a special recipe. Various spices are used in the preparation. The table must be decorated. You need to invite as many people as possible to the meal. Treating the poor and poor on this holiday provides a person with protection from unhappiness and eliminates sins.
In addition to a feast, festivities are organized on this day. Kids can ride donkeys, camels, ride carousels. Men participate in martial arts. They give presents to loved ones. In the evening there is a firework.
Kruban Bairam is a traditional Muslim holiday. It is based on the desire to be purified, to become closer to God, to perform good deeds. Everything that the faithful does on this day should come from a pure heart.
From the video, learn more about the traditions of Arafat Day and the holiday of Kurban Bayram 2020: