The development of Russian higher education has led to the fact that it again began to be perceived as elitist. The ratio of the number of budget and paid places in universities shows how difficult it has become to enter a prestigious university, that higher education is still in demand in society. The Ministry of Education and Science is constantly honing the procedure for admission, so every year some changes are announced. We learn what new has appeared in the rules for admission to universities in 2019-2020.
Trends in Higher Education from the Ministry of Education and Science
The desire of the Ministry of Education and Science, together with the Ministry of Education and Rosobrnadzor, to make the exam a truly effective tool for selecting the best ones when entering a university has begun to bring results. More and more schoolchildren leave after grade 9 to receive secondary vocational education, and those who aim to get a "tower" get into grade 10-11.
The number of budget and even paid places in universities is steadily declining, especially for universal humanitarian specialties. According to the results of the opening campaign of 2019, the ratio of budget and paid places in the country's universities is 60:40. Moreover, officials from the Ministry of Education and Science and university rectors noted that applicants are more likely to even go to top universities for a fee, rather than go to the budget for their USE scores in institutions with an average quality of education.
All these facts testify to the gradual transition of higher education to the category of the elite, where the elite is understood as the best youth in terms of intelligence, not wealth. Leading universities note an increase in the level of training of graduates and develop solutions that will help select the most promising students, help them get into the university even on a paid basis, compensating for payment from the institution's fund or sponsorship funds.
The most successful students of the 11th grade according to the results of the Unified State Exam try to get into the military, medical and technical specialties. The prestige of humanitarian areas fell after a sharp reduction in budget places, but the high quality of specialists graduated from universities in these specialties will lead to further demand for such an education.
General admission rules for the 2019-2020 campaign with changes and additions
Radical changes in 2019-2020. do not expect, but some of the innovations are tangible enough for graduates. Most difficult will be Crimeans. Since 2019, Crimea joins the single educational field of the Russian Federation, for graduates of this subject of the country, the general requirements for passing the exam and admission to universities begin to apply.
The second expected, but not the most pleasant moment is the need to choose only one level of an exam in mathematics: either a base or a profile. This deprives many eleventh graders of an additional chance to go to some university in case of failure with specialized mathematics. They can pass the base on a reserve day for the sake of obtaining a certificate, but it is only possible to improve the results of the profile level in a year. But in fact, most of the professions in demand require a profile in mathematics, and not a base.
The third point concerns the right of universities to set the bar for a minimum threshold score for a specialized subject. Now, in order to get into the leading top and best regional educational institutions, it will be necessary not only to have practically the highest sum of USE points, but also points equated to "5" for a specialized subject. That is, even if the total amount of points is high enough, but profile mathematics is passed only 42 points, then the minimum threshold of 70 points out of 100 set by the university, deprives the applicant of a budgetary place. Moscow State University went even further and set a threshold of 75 USE points even for the preferential category of Olympiads.
It is nice that from this year you can simultaneously receive 2 higher education: budgetary and paid, if the university has a program of such training. This format is in demand more often in the capital's top universities than in the regions. But, perhaps, it will take root in ordinary regional Russian universities.
The remaining changes relate to preferential categories of applicants:
- the olympiadniks now send their diploma of victory or medal only to 1 university, and not to 5 universities, as before (in the remaining 4 universities they have the right to send the results of their exam and fight there for admission on a common basis with everyone);
- Since 2019, the target students have concluded a tripartite target agreement for studying at a university: an applicant - a university - an employer (this is done in order to increase control over the fulfillment by the target student of his duties towards the employer and the university, so that the employer receives a competent specialist);
- medalists will be able to get a certificate with honors and additional points for it from the university only if they confirm their excellent education results: USE points must confirm the annual "5";
- the list of beneficiaries has been expanded at the expense of the children of employees and employees themselves in the Russian Guard (these applicants will be able to use the benefits when enrolling, as well as orphans, disabled people, children of those killed in the execution of organs, etc.);
- for all personal individual achievements, applicants will now be able to add to their result USE not 20, but only 10 points.
Possible new rules since 2020
The sieve of leading universities has become so narrow that now it is almost easier to get to the best foreign educational institutions than at Moscow State University, MGIMO, Baumanka, etc. But the struggle of the Ministry of Education and Science for a quality student body continues. The ministry wants to take up beneficiaries properly.
The number of universities for preferential enrollment was reduced to the Olympiadians to one. Next in line are the target men - they want to introduce a well-forgotten Soviet rule of working out for 3 years for the good of the country. If this norm is introduced, then graduates arriving under the target agreement will have to work 3 years with the employer signing the agreement with the university.
The government designated 500 specialties for which a new type of contract will be concluded, all the necessary standards have been prepared: a standard contract, a system of penalties for non-performance, the procedure for working out in regions requiring specialists is regulated.
How many universities can I apply for?
In the 2019-2020 academic year, graduates have the right to submit the results of their exam and documents to 5 universities for 3 specialties in each. This also applies to the possibility of applying for admission to various forms of training (full-time, part-time and part-time). In total, 15 enrollment opportunities are open to the applicant.
Officials are firmly convinced that the eleventh grader should immediately purposefully choose for himself the only university and specialty. But for now, they are being kept from changes, because such a norm will sharply reduce the chances of enrollment.
What are the benefits of enrollment?
Universities annually allocate about 10% of the budget for beneficiaries. In 2019, a total of approximately 600 thousand free places were quota-free, and 60 thousand of them received preferential categories of applicants. These categories are divided according to the priority of enrollment and the set of tests:
- beneficiaries who are enrolled in the first place, and their admission to the university - without the Unified State Examination (winners and prize-winners of the VOSH final - the so-called All-Russia and other international subject Olympiads and competitions from the special list of the Ministry of Education and Science, winners and prize-winners of international prestigious sports competitions, but they only come to specialized faculties);
- the category of applicants who enter without the exam, but with internal tests and outside the general competition (children with disabilities, orphans);
- graduates who enter without the Unified State Examination, but according to the results of internal entrance exams and by competition (foreign citizens without high school, college graduates, conscripts and contractors, employees of federal bodies who have suffered when working with nuclear radiation);
- beneficiaries who are credited by USE points, but by competition among this quota category (target);
- come on a common basis, but have the right to preferential priority enrollment with equal scores (children who are raised by a single parent in the status of a poor or disabled person, military personnel who, at the request of the university, scored the maximum number of points in the USE).
Rules for admission to college after college
Obtaining free higher education is a right enshrined in the Constitution of the Russian Federation. After college, it is also quite realistic to continue your studies at the university. There are 2 options for this:
- admission to a profile in a college diploma specialty without an exam (for 1 specialty in 1 university), but by competition, passing internal exams or entrance competitive tests (some universities even read the previous mastering of disciplines and shorten the curriculum, i.e. the student studies by 1 less than a year);
- admission according to the exam results on a common basis, which can be submitted to the PES in advance (this gives the right to submit documents to 5 universities for 3 specialties or forms of training in each, i.e. 15 chances for enrollment instead of 1).
Features of admission to the correspondence department
In the days of the USSR, part-time education at the university was created so that working citizens can safely get higher education and improve their professional level. Prepared correspondence students in good faith. Then the prestige of education received in the correspondence department fell due to poor quality training. Now the “correspondence” is again in demand, and new online teaching technologies have improved the quality of graduates.
The demand for admission to this form of training is due to several factors:
- most students have to work;
- saving time on training;
- full-time higher competition;
- there is an opportunity to simultaneously begin your career path and study, which promises faster career growth and greater work experience.
Each university itself determines the deadlines for admission to full-time and part-time education. They are registered on their sites, but can be adjusted, because not regulated by the Procedure for admission from the Ministry of Education and Science.
TOP 10 best universities in Moscow in 2019
At the end of the year, various ratings of the best universities are compiled annually (international, Russian, by city, by industry). Education in leading Moscow universities is in demand more than ever because of the practically guaranteed successful employment. The best graduates from all over the country strive precisely to these top educational institutions.
TOP-10 rating of Moscow universities
|A place||Name of higher education institution|
|№1||Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov|
|№6||RSTU named after N.E. Bauman|
|№8||Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation|
|№9||REU named after G.V. Plekhanova|
Features of admission to military universities
Enrolling in a military college is difficult. This is due to the increased prestige of the military career, and to the numerous requirements of such educational institutions for applicants. In addition to the standard set of documents and USE certificates, the military commissariat is required to bring a certificate of no criminal record, medical tests, a profile, etc., to undergo a number of additional tests:
- medical and professional psychological commission;
- internal creative or professional competitions.
Only citizens of the Russian Federation can study at Russian military universities for free, without disabilities and diseases from the list of the Ministry of Defense, without a criminal record, applicants can apply for admission only from 16 to 22 years old, conscripts up to 24 years old, and contract soldiers up to 27 years old. These age restrictions are associated with physical activity during training and military service in the specialty. There is a rating of the country's leading military educational institutions:
Enrollment dates at military universities may differ from civilian ones, and documents are usually submitted in advance, from February to April (you need to clarify this point on the website of a particular military educational institution). In addition to the main competition according to the results of the Unified State Examination and internal tests, there are preferential categories of applicants:
- all beneficiaries prescribed for the "citizen" (but the disabled do not get into military schools);
- graduated from conscription service;
- by contract;
- graduates of specialized military schools, etc.
Specific lists of preferential categories for admission must be found on the university website. In general, all the information about the list and deadlines for submitting a package of documents, the required exam certificates, forms and standards of entrance examinations to these specific educational institutions must be found out a year before admission.