The flu epidemic in Moscow 2019-2020
In 2019, another wave of flu and SARS hit Moscow. According to official sources, the incidence rate in early February reached 31%, which exceeds the epidemiological threshold by 11%. The head of the Moscow Department of Health, Alexei Khripun, assured that there was no need to fear a large-scale epidemic, and the epidemiological situation was taken under control.
Moscow flu epidemic 2019: last year's events
Despite the coordinated work of medical institutions due to the next wave of flu in Moscow in 2019, TASS announced 9 deaths due to complications caused by the flu. Alexey Khripun (Head of the Department of Health) confirmed this figure. The media mentioned that one of the patients, even before the infection with the flu, had chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus), which negatively affected the course of the disease.
The cause of the epidemic was quickly found. Research results indicated the swine flu virus, or H1N1. Doctors say that there is an opportunity to protect yourself from this virus with the help of a developed vaccine, only vaccination must be done in advance. As a rule, the vaccine is administered in early autumn so that a person has developed enough antibodies by winter.
When to wait for the next epidemic in Russia
After overcoming several epidemics of influenza, a certain pattern was found. The increase in incidence begins in late November. The number of patients gradually increases over the next two months. The peak of the epidemic often occurs in February or the end of January. This is followed by a decline in the number of patients until March.
Question: "When will the epidemic begin?" - not long in coming. In the current 2020, the mentioned pattern is traced. Over the period from January 20 to 27, the incidence rate increased by 9%, which was 7% higher than the epidemiological threshold.
But to the question: "When will the epidemic end?" - answer is much harder. It all depends on the coordinated work of local authorities and health workers. The consciousness of citizens is also important, because some are self-medicating, thereby launching a disease that leads to dire consequences.
Flu on the verge: the latest data from Rospotrebnadzor
Once again, the flu and SARS came to the inhabitants of Russia. On February 3, the epidemiological threshold in Moscow was exceeded by 19%. Rospotrebnadzor calls on residents of the capital to closely monitor their health:
- For a healthy lifestyle! - proper nutrition, moderate exercise and good rest will strengthen a person's body and spirit.
- Avoid crowds - crowds are the best opportunities to spread any infection. To reduce the risk of infection, use a medical mask. It is important to remember that a mask can be worn for no more than two hours during an epidemic. In case of a serious epidemiological situation, it is advisable to replace the mask with an interval of 1 hour.
- To enrich the body with vitamins, vitamin C will be especially useful in this case. In winter, it is worth consuming vitamin complexes. Vitamin D is also important, especially for growing children's organisms. After all, the sun entering the skin initiates the synthesis of the aforementioned vitamin. And as you know, in winter the day is shorter, moreover, most of the body is covered with clothes.
- You should immediately seek qualified help if you experience the following symptoms: cough, tickle, chills, fever, weakness, and others.
Latest News: The incidence rate is rising. Tactics of actions of local authorities
During the period from January 27 to February 3, the incidence rate rose by another 12%. As a result, as mentioned earlier, the epidemiological threshold is exceeded by 19% and amounts to 39%. According to the results of the last two weeks, there has been a gradual increase in the number of patients with influenza and SARS, respectively, to expect a decline in the epidemiological level without urgent intervention by the authorities is useless.
In connection with the situation, it was decided to introduce quarantine from February 3, which operates in schools and kindergartens of the city. It was tentatively decided to declare quarantine for a week, namely until February 10. Experts are confident that this time should be enough to stop the spread of the virus and fully take control of the epidemiological situation.
Fortunately, no fatal complications have been reported. It should be remembered that the flu is harder to tolerate for people who have chronic diseases: diabetes, problems in the cardiovascular system, kidney disease, and others.
The stop of the educational process. What you need to know during quarantine
As you know, quarantine will last from February 3 to 10. For the specified period, all schools and kindergartens in Moscow are closed. Universities continue to work as usual. In parallel, sick students are kept daily. In order to keep up with the curriculum, schools will launch a distance learning program.
For students, quarantine looks like an extra "vacation." In fact, quarantine is a special series of actions aimed at localizing a spreading disease, as well as isolating and properly treating sick people.
During quarantine, it is better to stay at home and go out only if necessary, because hypothermia on a winter day and contact with the patient will do the trick. As a result, you have to spend the remaining "vacation" in bed with a high temperature.
During quarantine, you must perform several items:
- Sitting at home ventilate the room
- Strictly follow the doctor's recommendations
- Avoid crowds
- Given that quarantine takes place in winter, it is important to avoid hypothermia
- To carry out prevention: observe hygiene rules and maintain a good lifestyle
Authorities will extend quarantine: rumors or truth? Official data
After the quarantine was announced, renewal data appeared. On February 4, there is no official data regarding the extension of quarantine. In order not to succumb to misinformation from dubious sources, you should follow the news in official resources.
At the moment, quarantine is announced until February 10. Talking about an extension and guessing how long quarantine will last does not make sense, because a similar question will be raised at the end of the week. Of course, if a serious epidemiological situation persists, an extension of quarantine is possible. Citizens of Moscow will find out the exact information no earlier than February 8-9.
Causes of annual influenza and SARS epidemics in Russia
Outbreaks of influenza and SARS are observed annually in different parts of Russia. Everyone sees what is happening in their own way: some believe that the reason is the low level of medicine, others blame the authorities and the low financing of the medical sphere. More advanced minds find the cause in viruses, which are known to have a high propensity for mutations, and as a result, people of the Russian Federation annually meet with a "new", slightly modified virus.
We must not forget about people, a considerable part of whom prefer to self-medicate, and there are reasons for this. Citizens do not want to immediately contact doctors and take proper medications, since the latter cost a pretty penny. And the flu vaccine mentioned is also not free.
A healthy lifestyle is good in words, unfortunately a large number of citizens forget to monitor their health. The whole reason is:
- regular stress on the robot
- chronic fatigue
- disturbed diet
- poor quality of consumed products
- lack of good rest
- in winter, frequent cases of hypothermia
All of the above factors lead to impaired functioning of the immune system, which makes the body vulnerable to the effects of surrounding infections.