Military pensions from January 1, 2020
Do you know that the law on military pensions is outlawed? How could this happen? - you ask. But very simple. Disagreements arose due to a speech by the president. In 2018, the head instructed officials to increase the length of service benefits for retirees by 2%. But in the official law, which defines all the provisions relating to determining the size of payments, completely different information is spelled out. Who to believe? What awaits military pensions from January 1, 2020?
Military service in Russia has long become a prestigious profession. The current government in 2012 decently increased the allowances of the military. I forgot about retirees. But officials say the opposite. Since pensions are calculated on the basis of salaries of active warriors (and these salaries are increased every year), then the service allowance is evenly increased.
The retirees themselves are outraged. They pay little money. I have to earn extra money. Plowing for a second retirement. Only in this case can one exist normally in old age. But civil pensioners disagree with this opinion. They argue that retirees are undeservedly paid an order of magnitude more, and they also provide an opportunity to earn a second pension. And how are things really? Let's get it right.
Military pension: what happens?
Before figuring out how much more money a military pensioner will receive next year, let's list the types of payments that the state provides to these categories of citizens.
But what benefits are provided for security officials in our country.
- For the length of service.
- By disability.
- On the occasion of death.
The last in the list is assigned for close relatives (1 degree of kinship). In all regulatory papers, it is called - the loss of a breadwinner.
Benefits for serving citizens (at number 1 on the list) are accrued under various schemes. They (schemes) are determined based on the service life, the place where the soldier was, as well as the type of service. This subsidy will be discussed in detail in another section.
The allowance for the disabled, as well as in terms of length of service, has its own characteristics of appropriation and regulation. Here, the place of disability, the assigned group, and other nuances are significant. We will also consider this payment in more detail in the corresponding section of our review.
It is worth noting that allowances are accrued to all types of pensions for warriors. Their size varies by region. For example, in Moscow the increase is greater than, say, in Voronezh. And in Norilsk and Arkhangelsk in general there are special allowances inherent only in these areas. We will also consider this feature in a separate chapter.
The law, which governs the provisions of benefits for former warriors, is constantly undergoing adjustments and changes. In this regard, the rules of calculation are changing. New techniques, correction factors, and much more are being introduced. This is a document under the number 4468-1, approved back in 1993 by Boris Yeltsin. Let's look at the main points of this paper.
Government Decision on Military Pensions
Order number 4468-1 contains information on:
- what security forces in our country are on military support (articles 1-4);
- what are the types of payments and the right to choose them (Articles 5-8);
- how it is accrued, paid, and also what kind of allowances are there for the seniority allowance (Articles 13-18);
- what conditions, amount and premiums for disability benefits (Articles 19-27);
- how the rights to pensions for the loss of the breadwinner are determined, as well as all other significant provisions regarding the size, rules and procedure for appointment (Articles 28-42);
- what are the procedures for calculating, appointing and paying all benefits for retirees (articles 43-65).
The document contains 65 articles. This is a rather voluminous paper, which not everyone can read (especially without legal knowledge). Therefore, in the article all important points will be covered in the simplest possible language.
Who is a military pensioner?
The status of retired fighters includes not only people who served in the armed forces. This also includes:
- border guards;
- National Guard;
- civil defense fighters;
- FSB Schnicks;
- military prosecutor's office;
- Sledaki (Investigative Committee);
- security forces of drug control authorities;
- power structures of the former Soviet Union.
It is for these categories of the population that a special system is provided that determines retirement. It should be noted that the provisions of decree 4468 are different from the rules governing the civil pension system. At the same time, workers in peaceful professions cannot apply for military maintenance, when, as lawful retirees, they can get a civilian position and earn a second allowance.
What categories will be a pension increase?
Looking ahead, we note for which categories (if of course it will) indexation of old-age benefits will be produced. The fact is that decree 4468-1, namely, 1 article, contains a complete list of persons who fall under the concept of a security official. In the previous section, we have listed with simple concepts those categories that are in Russia on a military allowance. For these structures and increase pensions.
But what benefits will only increase. After all, there are as many as 3. Let's understand.
This manual comes first in the 4468-1 decree. This is not accidental, since it is the most common among employees. Like civil pensions, all warrior categories are entitled to such content.
Answering the question: "will the military pension be increased on January 1, 2020?" - First you need to understand the order of its accrual.
The length of service payment is calculated according to two schemes, which depend on the characteristics of the retirement's labor and military activities. What does it mean? Now you will understand. This is what is meant.
- Retired soldiers who have served for at least 20 years are assigned a payment of 50% of their allowance, which they received in the corresponding rank and position. But this value can be increased. This is achieved through continued service. Moreover, for each subsequent year, another 3% is added to the value of 50%.
- The siloviki, who have 25 years of experience, exactly half of them (12.5) are dedicated to the military path. Moreover, their retirement benefits also make up 50% of the allowance in the service. But there is one feature. With continued service, 3% will also be assigned for each year. But during labor activity this figure is credited as 1% per year.
Note that the allowance is calculated according to the salary of the rank and position of the warriors. But with a different structure of the body in which the retiree served, ranks may be present instead of ranks or another. In this case, salaries calculated for a particular case are taken into account.
The maximum percentage value that you can reach is 85%. That is, the maximum length of service to which the payment will increase is 32 years. With further service, its size will not increase.
Looking at such a calculation technique, and taking into account the current salaries of the security forces, it becomes clear the indignation of civilian hard workers. See for yourself, after serving 25 years, a retiree has the right to 65% of his previous allowance. If this is a senior lieutenant, a platoon commander, on average he received 45,000 rubles. And 65% of this value is almost 30 thousand. But this is the average value, and the position is taken the lowest. Mostly warriors earn more.
But not everything is as "sweet" as civilians imagine. When in 2012 there was an increase in wages for the security forces, retirees were prepared a separate place in this innovation. And, as it turned out, not the highest. But here, in fact, is the matter.
War Pension Adjustment
The parliamentarians back in 2011, in anticipation of an increase in salaries to the security forces, developed a federal decree that can be found on the Internet at 309. This paper amends article 43 of the above-mentioned 4468-1. This article is just about monetary allowance, which is taken into account when assigning payments. With this 309 amendment added a new paragraph. Here is what is written there.
Satisfaction, which goes into the calculation of retirement pensions, is additionally multiplied by a decreasing coefficient equal to 0.54 (or 54%). But since 2013, its value should increase by 2% until it reaches 100. But the magnitude of the increase can be set more. It all depends on inflation.
Of course, the official paper is written in a more official language. But the meaning is the same. For retirees, this wording means that in addition to the first decrease of 50%, lawmakers proposed (and introduced) another: 54%. Ultimately, retirees will see only a quarter of their past allowances.
In the State Duma, this innovation was explained by the unwillingness of the budget to pay such amounts. To begin with, parliamentarians decided to master the salary increase for the current security forces. And the retirees will wait.
This decision of the officials caused a storm of indignation, and even letters from retirees. Therefore, politicians had no choice but to ensure the growth of this lowering coefficient not by the planned 2%, but by the percentage of annual inflation in the country. This approach provided an increase in the reduction coefficient from 2013 to 2019 to 73.68%.
How much will pensions increase in 2020: latest news
The answer to this question lies in the understanding of what "wallet" retirees receive their benefits. And this "wallet" is called the budget of the Russian Federation. Since the entire military structure is based on state support, the state will increase pensions.
Here's how it goes. The security forces are adjusted every year for the percentage of inflation. For example, in 2019, this figure was 4.3%. Since salaries increased, pensions also automatically increased. But in addition to this increase, retirees are also corrected by a decreasing coefficient.
In 2020, retirees are expected to increase their allowances by 3.8% (inflation), as well as the promised 2% adjustment of the reduction coefficient.
Separately, we note the fate of these 2%. In 2018, V. Putin spoke at the next press conference. He noted that an increase in the reduction coefficient by 2% has not actually been carried out since 2017 (freezing, according to the 365 federal decree). Therefore, the chapter obligated indexing from the beginning of 2019.
But parliamentarians again introduced a moratorium of 2%. Law number 460 extended the freeze now until January 1, 2020. In fact, the president of the country lifted the moratorium by order, obliging officials to ensure a planned increase.
As of 2019, the value of the reduction coefficient is 73.68%. In 2020, it will increase by 2%. It will be 75.15%.
People who are now retired but continue to work in civilian jobs are often asked on the Internet about military benefits. They are interested in one statement that Prime Minister D. Medvedev made at a meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers. It was about the need for working military pensioners to remove one of the pensions, leaving the choice: either receive military security or civilian benefits.
But this proposal did not go further, therefore pensions will be increased for these categories as well as for the rest.
Other military pensions and allowances to them
Military service may be different. For example, a soldier can be engaged primarily in paper work at headquarters and very little with personnel. Other warriors could participate in hostilities, serve in hot spots or even get injured.
Therefore, in addition to the length of service pension, a disability pension is granted. This subsidy is self-sustaining. Her length does not affect her size. But how much money is intended in accordance with the 4468 decree.
- A person with disabilities of 1 or 2 groups who received injuries while performing their direct duties is 85% of the allowance that he received during the service.
- For 3 groups and under the same circumstances - 50% of the allowance for the service.
- For people who received disability status due to illness, but during the service period: 75% for groups 1 and 2, 40% for the third.
But if a warrior has a seniority pension, and during this period he will be injured due to disability, he, in addition to the disability pension, will be assigned an additional payment for the length of service allowance. Its magnitude and order of determination is different. Here is how it looks.
- Group 1 - 300% of the estimated pension.
- Group 2 - 200%.
- 3 group - 100%.
What is the estimated size? This is a benefit that citizens receive, regardless of their seniority (and if it is sufficient). Its size is not large. In 2019, it is 5,180.24 rubles. And from the second quarter of 2019 it equals 5,283.85 rubles.
Also, to the warrior's pension benefits are increasing factors. They are appointed if the servant:
- participated in combat battles;
- served in the Far North (in accordance with decree 1029, from 1983);
- has rewards;
- participant of the Great Patriotic War;
- reached 80 years old.
We will not consider in detail each allowance. We only note that some of them are determined by contentment, while others are calculated.