Pet tax in Russia in 2020
In recent years, the media has been actively discussing in the media and among pet lovers: whether a new law will be introduced in Russia in 2020, providing for the payment of a tax for keeping animals in the house. In 2019, this initiative of lawmakers is only being finalized and improved, taking into account the opinion of animal advocates and the population.
What changes are planned
Some deputies of large parties to the State Duma want the country to keep a strict record of domestic animals, issue veterinary books with mandatory records of vaccinations and diseases. In the case of the introduction of a new bill, the owners will have to not only chip their favorites without fail, but also pay a certain amount for them per year:
- Guinea pigs and chinchillas - 800 rubles.
- Small animals (mice, rats, hamsters, etc.) - 1200 rubles.
- Decorative dogs - 1200 rubles.
- Dogs of large breeds - up to 15,000 rubles.
- Cats - up to 5000 rubles.
The law does not yet provide for payment for the ownership of fish and livestock (horses, cows, chickens, etc.). It is not difficult to calculate the additional costs in the family budget if at least one cat or dog lives in the house and still needs to be fed daily. What can we say about the owners of frequent nurseries, as well as those people who take homeless animals for temporary overexposure until they find a permanent owner. One chip currently costs about $ 25.
Advantages and disadvantages of innovations
According to lawmakers, such changes will increase the responsibility of pet owners. Additional funds in the budget will be allocated for the sterilization of stray dogs and cats, the creation of state shelters and overdoses for them. The implanted microchips will help to find the lost four-legged pet without special efforts. Identify and find the owner responsible for the actions of the animal that caused any injuries to a random passerby.
Veterinary control and vaccinations, in turn, will reduce the risk of outbreaks of serious infectious diseases. On the other hand, in addition to the animal tax in Russia in 2020, breeders will have to pay for their veterinary passport and chipping from their own pockets. Although some deputies claim that the state will take on these costs. In the meantime, a controversial bill is under consideration.
According to the most pessimistic forecasts, the introduction of a pet tax in 2020 in Russia will not force owners to responsibly fulfill their pet care responsibilities. On the contrary, additional costs can lead the poor to get rid of pets and simply not register them, but drive them out into the street for certain death. The difficulty also lies in organizing the initial registration of pets. Especially cats and dogs purchased from "hands", without any documents and passports.
Experts predict that many Russians will simply hide animals so as not to increase their spending on the family budget. In parallel, the number of homeless tetrapods will increase, the capture and sterilization of which will require even more money than will go to the budget. How will authorities learn about the number of animals in the house?
Legislative changes that have entered into force
On December 27, 2018, the State Duma adopted Law No. 498-ФЗ On Responsible Handling of Animals. It does not yet provide for any payments to the budget and taxes. According to data from the Government of the Russian Federation, no fees will be kept in the near 2019 and 2020. The main directions of the tax policy of the country and sources of financing the state budget for the coming years have already been identified.The main innovations relate to the shooting of stray animals - it has been banned since 2018. It is unacceptable to catch homeless animals in the presence of children. Information about the animals that came to the shelters from the street now needs to be placed in the media. If the collar has an address or other information about the owner of the cat or dog, then the supervisory authorities or the owners of the shelters must return the animal home. The owners, in turn, are forbidden to throw pets on the street. A substantial fine and even imprisonment await those who abuse animals and torture them.
Although the tax on dogs and cats will not be accepted in Russia in 2020, a penalty has been imposed for walking in an unexpected place for this since January. Local authorities will need to prepare walking areas, identify zones and territories where you can relax with animals. Also, a list of wild animals forbidden for domestic keeping has been developed and will come into force in 2020, and those that already live with Russians will remain in custody until the moment of natural death.
Legislators plan to introduce state control over shelters, both municipal and private. Wards who arrived from the street will be examined by a veterinarian, vaccinated, and undergo quarantine. They will be registered, sterilized, labeled and look for new owners. It is forbidden to euthanize a healthy animal, picked up from the street, as well as give it up for illegal medical experiments.
Since 2019, funding for trapping and overexposure for stray dogs and cats has been increased - almost 2 times. Pet owners are now required by law to provide pets with proper veterinary control and care. Animal excrement must be removed from public areas and the street. It is forbidden to walk a potentially dangerous dog without a muzzle and a leash. The list of these breeds is established by the Government.